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VRE (Vancomycin Resistant Enterococcus) Bacteremia:  Rate per 1000 patient days  

What does hospital-acquired mean?

Sometimes when patients are admitted to the hospital, they can get infections. This is a hospital-acquired infection. In the case of VRE, this may mean that symptoms begin 72 hours after admission to the hospital.

What is Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE)?

Enterococci are bacteria that are normally present in the human intestines and in the female genital tract and are often found in the environment. These bacteria can sometimes cause infections. Vancomycin is an antibiotic that is often used to treat infections caused by enterococci. In some instances, enterococci have become resistant to this drug and thus are called vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE).  

What are the risk factors for VRE?

Risk factors for VRE include severity of underlying illness, presence of invasive devices, prior colonization with VRE, antibiotic use and length of hospital stay.

 

How is VRE transmitted?

The single most important mode of transmission of VRE in a health care setting is via transiently colonized hands of health care workers who acquire it from contact with colonized or infected patients, or after handling contaminated material or equipment. The unrecognized colonized patient presents a particular risk for transmission to other patients.

 

What are we doing to reduce infections at Hamilton Health Sciences?

HHS has several infection control improvement initiatives underway, including:

  • Reducing Ventilator Associated Pneumonia 

  • Reducing Surgical Site Infections 

  • Reducing Central Line Infections 

  • Improving Staff and Visitor Hand Hygiene practices (Hand Washing) 

  • Reducing Skin Breakdown

 

   For more information:

 

 

  

Hamilton Health Sciences • Hamilton, Ontario • 905.521.2100

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